Canine influenza H3N2 viruses originated in birds, spread to dogs, and can now spread between dogs. "If there is a lot of immunity against these viruses, they will represent less of a risk, but we now have one more host in which influenza virus is starting to have diverse … characteristics, creating diversity in a host which is in very close contact to humans," Garcia-Sastre said. Saving Lives, Protecting People. There are two different influenza A dog flu viruses: one is an H3N8 virus and the other is an H3N2 virus. This is very reminiscent of what happened in swine 10 years before the H1N1 pandemic," Garcia-Sastre said. To prevent the pets from contracting the flu, it is necessary to keep them away from sick dogs. Cats and dogs can suffer from colds and flu – just like humans; they experience sneezing, fatigue and a discharge from the nose and eyes. Multiple agencies may have regulatory authority over pets such as dogs and cats when they enter the United States. Human flu can spread to pigs and birds and vice versa. A dog passing their sickness onto their pooch playmates, however, is very, very common. Your veterinarian can tell you if testing is appropriate. Human touch: hands of pet owners, veterinary clinic staff or shelter workers; Prevention Keeps Them Safe. Dogs could trigger a flu pandemic among people in the future, a new study revealed Tuesday, raising concerns among dog lovers. DOGS could end up spreading a deadly influenza among humans and spark a Spanish flu style pandemic which could kill millions. The 1918 flu caused an abnormally high number of deaths, possibly due to it provoking a cytokine storm in the body. In 2004, cases of an unknown respiratory illness in dogs (initially greyhounds) were reported in the United States. For this reason, the World Health Organization global surveillance system has led to detection of human infections by novel influenza A viruses of animal-origin (such as avian or swine influenza A viruses), but to date, no human infections with canine influenza A viruses have been identified. Fluids are also pivotal to a dog … There are two strains of the virus that causes dog flu (Influenza Type A): H3N8 and H3N2. Dogs that are exposed to many other dogs and canines in outbreak areas are also considered prime candidates for vaccinations, Collins says. To date, there is no evidence of spread of canine influenza viruses from dogs to people and there has not been a single reported case of human infection with a canine influenza virus in the U.S. or worldwide. Dog flu is already similar to human flu — and like human flu, there was a dog flu outbreak throughout the United States in winter 2017. Canine influenza H3N8 viruses originated in horses, spread to dogs, and can now spread between dogs. The first identified case of dog flu in the United States, also known as canine flu, occurred in March of 2015 in Chicago, according to the American Veterinary Medical Foundation. Dogs that are exposed to many other dogs and canines in outbreak areas are also considered prime candidates for vaccinations, Collins says. Research has also shown that dogs may be infected with norovirus (a cause of human stomach flu) in households where their human companions have had norovirus, and the dog may have symptoms. CDC is not responsible for Section 508 compliance (accessibility) on other federal or private website. WHAT IS DOG FLU? Symptoms of the dog flu are similar to those we humans know so well. Human infection with a novel influenza A virus of animal origin is reportable to CDC; no human infections with canine influenza viruses have been reported to date. You can’t catch the flu from your dog. As in humans, these may cause diarrhea in cats and dogs, or they may have no symptoms. Like human forms of influenza, dog flu is airborne. While some dogs become very ill with dog flu, others can be exposed to the virus and fight off infection without ever getting sick. There are many possible causes of gastrointestinal upset in dogs, including viruses, cancer, or simply ingesting something that disagrees with the digestive system. "There are attempts to restrict influenza virus in pigs through vaccination and one could consider vaccination for dogs.". A dog passing their illnesses onto humans is comparatively rare but possible. For everyone’s sake, still maintaining your pet’s good health and hygiene can go a long way in keeping both your family and your pet happy and healthy. Dogs can’t get the human flu, nor carry it to others. CDC can require a veterinary examination at the owner’s expense for dogs that appear sick, or a necropsy (animal autopsy) for dogs that are dead upon arrival in the United States. Most dogs recover within 2 to 3 weeks. Broad spectrum antibiotics may be prescribed by your veterinarian if a secondary bacterial infection is suspected. The findings, published June 5 in the journal mBio, highlights the need to take steps to limit the circulation of flu viruses in dogs. If there were evidence that canine influenza viruses were able to infect people with the potential for sustained human to human spread, CDC would execute its existing authorities to limit the introduction and/or spread of that pandemic strain either into or within the U.S. CDC regulations require that dogs be healthy to enter the United States, thus dogs may be denied entry or further evaluated if they look like they are sick with a communicable disease such as canine influenza. Not all dogs experience symptoms, and, most of them recover within a few weeks. In general, canine influenza viruses are thought to pose a low threat to people. Second, CDC and USDA APHIS VS have existing collaborative protocols to work together in the event of outbreaks of novel influenza A viruses. The symptoms are relatively similar to flu in humans but have a different cause. How is the Flu Different in Dogs and Humans? UK Approves Pfizer Vaccine, Is The US Next? The flu is spread amongst dogs, so your dog … "The majority of pandemics have been associated with pigs as an intermediate host between avian [bird] viruses and human hosts. In the milder form of the disease, this care may include medication to make your dog be more comfortable and fluids to ensure that your dog remains well-hydrated. How does the issue of canine influenza apply to dogs imported into the US from other countries? Canine influenza is influenza occurring in canine animals. Stein Mart’s Future Looks Digital With New Buyer, Australia Exits First Recession In Almost 30 Years, Success Is Really About Being Happy – And Hiring Happy People, The POLITICS of EMPOWERMENT in American Business, Delta REALLY Loves Their Customers – And CEO Ed Bastian Is a Big Reason Why! The usual symptoms of gastroenteritis in dogs include vomiting and diarrhea, though a range of other digestion-related symptoms may also occur. However, CDC is doing a number of things to be prepared in the unlikely event that canine influenza becomes a threat to humans or to animals other than canines. Canine influenza may be endemic in some regional dog populations of the United States. These viruses are different from those that cause the flu in humans. Third, CDC conducted a risk assessment on the pandemic potential of canine H3N2 viruses using the Influenza Risk Assessment Tool, and found it to be low risk.   The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) Veterinary Services (VS) has animal health requirementsExternal related to bringing (importing) a pet dog to the United States from a foreign country. Like when the H1N1 flu virus jumped from swine to humans in 2009, sparking the influenza pandemic that killed an estimated 150,000 to 600,000 people, from 2009 to 2010, and a few cats, as well. Warning signs that your pet might be sick with influenza are similar to human symptoms : Dogs could trigger a flu pandemic among people in the future, a new study revealed Tuesday, raising concerns among dog lovers. Can Dogs Transfer the Flu Virus to Humans? This season, the dog influenza virus has turned up everywhere from California to Washington to Pennsylvania and even in Canada, according to Newsweek. This is now considered a dog-specific, or canine, H3N8 virus. In fact, there are two specific types of flu viruses that can cause the flu, or canine influenza, in dogs. June 2018: A new strain was detected (H1N1) in dogs in China (no cases in the U.S. detected). Can canine influenza viruses infect people? Clothing, equipment, surfaces, and hands should be cleaned and disinfected after exposure to dogs showing signs of respiratory disease. Current CDC influenza virus regulations apply only to viruses with pandemic potential in people. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. While it's a flu strain that's different than the one affecting humans (and there are no known cases of transmission), it's just as dangerous and even more contagious among dogs. Like a human with a cold or flu, dogs will want to sleep most of the day as their body fights the virus. "If you have the flu, don't kiss your dog," she said. DOGS could end up spreading a deadly influenza among humans and spark a Spanish flu style pandemic which could kill millions. What is CDC doing about canine influenza? It is a disease with a high morbid To keep pets safe, more pet care facilities are requiring Dog Flu vaccinations for all dogs, similar to requirements for Bordetella–another highly contagious pathogen that causes respiratory disease. Because the influenza virus mutates rapidly, it is certainly within the realm of possibility that, someday, a strain of flu that spreads between humans and dogs will evolve. However, if left untreated, it can develop into pneumonia and at that point, can become dangerous. Canine influenza (also known as dog flu) is a contagious respiratory disease in dogs caused by specific Type A influenza viruses known to infect dogs. Warning signs that your pet might be sick with influenza are similar to human symptoms : A kennel cough is the most obvious example of this, as this condition spreads around dogs as quickly, easily and ruthlessly as the common cold does among humans. Move their bed into a quiet place such as a spare room so your dog will be able to enjoy peace and quiet all day long. Where can I find more information on canine influenza viruses? Canine influenza is caused by varieties of influenzavirus A, such as equine influenza virus H3N8, which was discovered to cause disease in canines in 2004. Your veterinarian can provide additional information about these vaccines and whether you should consider vaccinating your dog. The dog flu can be just as hard for your pet to go through as the human flu is for you. No. Vaccines to protect dogs against both H3N8 and H3N2 canine flu are available in the United States. Where did canine influenza viruses come from and how long have they been around? These are called “canine influenza viruses.” No human infections with canine influenza have ever been reported. For dogs, this is an almost purely respiratory illness (unlike human versions which can include the stomach flu). newly emerging pathogen in the dog population, Influenza A Virus (H3N8) in Dogs with Respiratory Disease, Florida, April 2015 Chicago H3N2 canine influenza outbreak, Update on Canine Influenza (Dog Flu) Outbreak Reported in Chicago Area, Influenza A Virus (H3N8) in Dogs with Respiratory Disease, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases (NCIRD), Influenza A Subtypes and Species Affected, U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. To date, the H3N2 canine viruses reported in the U.S. have been almost genetically identical to canine H3N2 viruses previously reported only in Asia. “The vast majority of dogs in the U.S. have not been previously infected or vaccinated against dog flu.” It's possible for people to give their dogs the virus, too. Just like in humans, canine influenza is a highly infectious respiratory disease. This season, the dog influenza virus has turned up everywhere from California to Washington to Pennsylvania and even in Canada, according to Newsweek. For everyone’s sake, still maintaining your pet’s good health and hygiene can go a long way in keeping both your family and your pet happy and healthy. Influenza affecting dogs are different from the human strains and when these new strains jump to humans, the immune systems — which have no experience of these unknown pathogens — fail to protect the body. Dogs can and do get the flu, but it’s different from the flu humans get. Because of the lack of previous exposure to this virus, dogs have no natural immunity to it. The Spanish flu was an unusually severe and deadly strain of H1N1 avian influenza, a viral infectious disease, that killed some 17 to 50 or more million people worldwide over about a year in 1918 and 1919. "In our study, what we have found is another set of viruses that come from swine that are originally avian in origin, and now they are jumping into dogs and have been reassorted with other viruses in dogs," added Garcia-Sastre, the director of the Global Health and Emerging Pathogens Institute at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai in New York City. Canine Influenza (also known as the dog flu) Leptospirosis; Lyme vaccine; The Dog Flu Vaccine (or Canine Influenza) is indeed in the top 8 vaccines (lower half “non-core”) recommended by a trusted task force that has the purpose of sharing vaccination recommendations in both the United States and in Canada. Canine influenza A H3N2 viruses were first detected in dogs in South Korea in 2007, and also have been reported in dogs in China, Thailand, and Canada. Treatment largely consists of supportive care which helps to keep the dog hydrated and comfortable while its body then mounts an immune response to the infection to facilitate recovery. Respiratory secretions escape into the environment in the form of coughing, barking, and sneezing, … Therefore, the disease is rapidly transmitted between individual dogs. Make Sure That They are Drinking. Main differences of the illness between the two parties are: Parvovirus is one stomach bug that causes extreme illness and even death in dogs, but does not infected humans Testing to confirm H3N8 and H3N2 canine influenza virus infection in dogs is available. Because the causes of gastr… Gastroenteritis in dogs refers to an inflammation or irritation of the stomach and intestines. And while there is no indication the dog flu can cause human illness, dogs, as well as cats, can contract the human flu virus. The strain of flu virus that causes infection in dogs is a mutated horse virus. "The United States is free of avian influenza because every time avian influenza has been detected in poultry in this country, the chickens or turkeys are culled and eliminated from circulation," Garcia-Sastre explained in a news release. Pet owners should distance themselves from their pets when sick, Glaser recommended. ", Man Shoots Neighbors, Self Over Dog Poop Dispute, Husky Kills Nearly 30 Animals, Owner Faces Charges, Why 2021 Might Be The Year To Sell Your Home. Dogs could trigger a flu pandemic among people in the future, a new study revealed Tuesday, raising concerns among dog lovers. Your dog may experience the following: sneezing , runny nose, coughing, lethargy, lack of appetite and fever. Additionally, at this time there is no evidence that canine influenza affects humans nor that it has pandemic potential. "The diversity in dogs has increased so much now that the type of combinations of viruses that can be created in dogs represent potential risk for a virus to jump to a dog into a human. In this study, we identified influenza viruses jumping from pigs into dogs," study author Adolfo Garcia-Sastre said. Dogs with the flu may have cough, runny nose, fever, eye discharge and reduced appetite and playtime. What are signs of canine influenza in dogs? Human infections with novel (new, non-human) influenza A viruses against which the human population has little immunity are concerning when they occur because of the potential that a pandemic could result. About 2-3 days after infection, your dog will develop a persistent cough, often accompanied by sneezing, a … Both primarily infect the respiratory system and are extremely contagious. They are starting to interact with each other. While it's a flu strain that's different than the one affecting humans (and there are no known cases of transmission), it's just as dangerous and even more contagious among dogs. Five years ago, researchers identified a bird-origin flu virus circulating in farm dogs in China. No, Killer Dog Flu Isn't the Next Human Pandemic A study about a new strain of canine influenza made waves this week. The key difference between canine and human influenza is its contagion properties. This is highly unlikely since, according to the CDC, it would take a sizable cell mutation for a human infection from a dog CIV to infect you. Severe illness is characterized by the onset of pneumonia. There are no reported cases of humans getting the flu from an infected dog. You will be subject to the destination website's privacy policy when you follow the link. This is related to the swine flu strain that infected humans in 2009.