Coriander is an extremely popular herb that is used extensively and liberally in Indian, Thai, South American and Middle Eastern cuisine. http://botany.si.edu/pacificislandbiodiversity/hawaiianflora/index.htm. 480 pp. A geographical atlas of world weeds., John Wiley and Sons.. xlix + 391 pp.. Kress WJ, DeFilipps RA, Farr E, Kyi DYY, 2003. Discover thousands of New England plants. In Ecuador it is grown in Galapagos and Andean regions between elevations of 2000-3500 m (Vascular Plants of Ecuador, 2015). 1300 pp. [ed. (Lista nacional de especies de plantas invasoras y potencialmente invasoras en la República de Cuba - 2011). Leaves alternate, rather variable in shape, size and number, with a yellow-green, scariously margined sheath surrounding the supporting stem for up to three-quarters of its circumference; petiole and rachis subterete, sulcate, light green; blade white waxy, shiny green often with darker green veins; basal 1-3 leaves usually simple, withering early, often in a rosette, blade ovate in outline, deeply cleft or parted into usually 3 incised-dentate lobes; next leaves decompound, petiole 0-15 cm long, blade ovate or elliptical in outline, up to 30 cm x 15 cm, usually pinnately divided into 3-11 leaflets, each like the blade of the simple lower leaves or again pinnately divided into 3-7 simple leaf-like lobes; all higher leaves compound, petiole restricted to the sheath, blade divided into 3 leaflets of which the central one is largest, each often variously divided into ultimately sublinear, entire, acute lobes. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. 6 (Special Issue No. Per 100 g, air-dried fruits of coriander contain approximately: water 11 g, crude protein 11 g, fatty oil 19 g, carbohydrates 22.9 g (starch 11 g, pentosans 10 g, sugar 1.9 g), crude fibre 28 g, mineral constituents 5 g and essential oil 1.0 g. The essential oil content varies between almost zero and 2%; small-fruited types have the highest content. If you allow your plant to mature, you can harvest the seeds for next season. World economic plants: A standard reference. those considered historical (not seen in 20 years). 13: Spices, [ed. Pesticides should always be used in a lawful manner, consistent with the product's label. Coriandrum sativum. (Lista de espécies Flora do Brasil website)., http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/jabot/PrincipalUC/PrincipalUC.do. by Randall R P]. Food plants of the world: An illustrated guide. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. Show The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: A systematic synopsis., San Juan, P.R. In Missouri, USA the species is recorded as an uncommon plant found on roadsides, railroads, and open, disturbed areas (Flora of Missouri, 2015). The botanical term for coriander seeds by which the essential oil is taken out is Coriandum Sativum L. These types of coriander seeds come from the coriander herb, an annual plant that belongs to the parsley family. vulgare (large fruits) and var. This describes the vegetative stage of the plant’s life cycle. Plant breeders and the seed trade often refer to two main groups of coriander based on fruit size: var. http://botany.si.edu/pacificislandbiodiversity/hawaiianflora/index.htm, Marianne Jennifer Datiles, Department of Botany-Smithsonian NMNH, Washington DC, USA. Washington DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution Scholarly Press, 590 pp. Quattrocchi U, 2012. Washington, DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution. Cilantro, Coriandrum sativum, usually refers to the leaves of the plant, which are used as an herb. xlix + 391 pp. Coriander, ( Coriandrum sativum ), also called cilantro or Chinese parsley, feathery annual plant of the parsley family ( Apiaceae ), parts of which are used as both an herb and a spice. Coriander with small, globose fruits (Microcarpum group or subsp. Seed Coriander. 2n = 22-26, 28, 30 (Wagner et al., 2015). Delivering Alien Invasive Species Inventories for Europe. Alam Zeb, in Essential Oils in Food Preservation, Flavor and Safety, 2016. Roadsides, waste areas. Because it's a short-lived plant, if you want a steady supply of cilantro, sow seeds every few weeks to keep a fresh supply of young plants. This process continues after harvest of the fruits and is accelerated by high temperatures combined with dry weather. After stem elongation, coriander is sensitive to low temperatures but resistant to drought. Coriander Seed. The studies done on volunteers and animals have proved that coriander seeds can lower the blood sugar level and decreased the risk of type-2 diabetes. Phillips H, 1822. http://tropicos.org/Project/FM, Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015. We depend on Tropicos website. Second Edition. The species has a long history of cultivation dating back to ancient Egyptian times, but it has been known to escape from cultivation and to naturalize beyond its native range, often becoming weedy (Liogier and Martorell, 2000; Randall, 2012). Considering these factors, but also that the species has not yet been reported to be invasive anywhere in the world, risk of introduction for this species is low to moderate but more research is needed.