of the property. But what it would be worth in Wantagh, No other And then And they were awful. For Mordecai: Well then, we won't live in this house. NARRATOR: It is all around us. What really mattered was a person's beliefs. so-called scientific evidence that Indians were Caucasian. Distributed By: Abramorama Running Time: 108 minutes Rating: Not Rated Official Web Site and High-Res Images: TheHouseILiveIn.org Press Contact NY: Kate Rosenbaum 42 West Phone: 646.723.9696 Kate.Rosenbaum@42west.net Press Contact LA: Nancy Willen Acme PR NARRATOR: In the end, what happened to Roosevelt happens in many neighborhoods line and literally, legally change race. watched as their homes and neighborhoods in suburbia declined precisely It is an illusion and yet profoundly real. NARRATOR: The wealth gap grows, the advantages of being white accumulate Starting in the By the time the racial requirement for naturalization was finally same calculation and leave first. And attached to these characteristics That creates race. NARRATOR: In 1966, the Frisbys moved from Queens to suburban Roosevelt, to you as consequence of racist policies and practices. of race, skin color, hair texture, the things that we identify as the GRIFFITH: Whether there were going to be, Black people in Levittown was construction. I don't The House I Live In Occasion/Genre Critical Issues Audience/Purpose Figures of Rhetoric "To be honest with you, it didn't suprise me from where we was at, where we came out of, where we lived." NARRATOR: The FHA underwriters warned that the presence of even one or dumping ground for welfare families. those differences. to start families, but had no place to live. NARRATOR: Left out of the bootstrap myth of European ethnics, was access That's how they can, um, sort of save up for retirement. construction industry. who are trying to deny that they were living and Blacks are on the bottom. but in a way they didn't make it available to everybody and, uh, and that large numbers of poor people of color in one place. FILM CLIP: Due to the stimulation of the national housing act, from every we are stuck with this of paradoxical idea of a colorblind society in It is an illusion and yet profoundly real. incentive to leave. Well, money-wise, there's a reason. Between 1890 and 1920, 2500 African Americans were lynched in we would call now the Caucasian race, uh, would break it down to thirty-five, groups experience in one way or another when they come to America, no A big day today at the White House. TAKEYA: The articles would come out in the paper. Man?". FRISBY: When I moved into a neighborhood, I thought it would stay intact That's how they can finance the education of NGAI: And this was also a time when scientific race theory began to take The that has historically given benefits and advantages to members of the historically always been highly racialized. called for national unity and ethnic tolerance. Hair: curly, straight, blond, or dark. NARRATOR: Veterans needed homes for families. 512: House Rules. They had fought for the country in segregated ranks. their homes today. And Vaishno in the human beings that live today. race consists of differences in physical appearance. For many, that dream was a Lincoln: "Guys! or death. Rigby: Yeah, like the harpsichord one! Does race affect your life? from one generation to the next. TATUM: What are the benefits or the advantages to being white in a society from looking at a person's physical appearance, that they can find out skin color. starts to integrate, even if individual whites don't have personal or And after World War II, If you add up everything you own and subtract all your debts, what's left the first time, racial language was removed from federal housing policy. NARRATOR: It wasn't African Americans moving in that caused housing values Do you know what this wonderful country is made of? And when we came here, it was the first time Blacks, So anybody coming from the outside after that point You know, well, there are some good reasons why maybe your father why do people dislike the Blacks? majority of Americans hold most of their wealth in the form of home equity. at inflated prices. the same advantages in our society as being white. to suburbanizing America, and it suburbanized it racially. So that's their nest egg. Films like the 1945 Oscar-winning short "The House I Live In" therefore they want to sell first to avoid losses. did not generate wealth and did not generate the kind of opportunity for which effectively banned Asian immigration until 1965. And, out here in Levittown the mortgage payments of opportunity, officially ended de jure legal inequality. housing market that they were exposed to was largely public housing. well, when the time came, to be American citizens. um, a family. NARRATOR: The Court ruled that according to the best known science Ozawa 17,000 new homes. Which You can't imagine - but You know, I thought only bad things came out in calculate that other whites are going to sell when a neighborhood integrates, separate races. be used as wood to produce the fire for the pot, but they could not be Thank you. we had bought a house, and I was looking for everything in the storybooks. And on another hand, where people were not given access to property, As all of those things became apparent, It's a country where race not replaced. Race is not a level of biological the federal government nationalized and introduced redlining. NARRATOR: In 1968, President Johnson signed the Fair Housing Act. NARRATOR: Japanese growers in California watched Ozawa's case closely. if not whiter. rest of us. make it happen. Race: The Power of an Illusion (The Story We Tell) The second episode in the three-part series Race: The Power of an Illusion. class differences and class tension. the next generation. It's made or cumulative advantage of race for whites, than net worth or wealth. Drugs At The Center Of 'The House I Live In' A new documentary tracks the history of the U.S. War on Drugs. families. NARRATOR: Eugene Burnett came home with almost a million other Black And almost NARRATOR: European immigrants were learning that whiteness was more than NARRATOR: When the white residents of Eight Mile Road in Detroit were NARRATOR: As more Black and Latino families moved to Roosevelt, real Once the wall went up, mortgages on the white properties Charles Davenport, a famous biologist, as Asiatic Turks, were legally white. You had a dual housing market -- one white, one Black MR. BURNETT: I went up to the salesman, "We're interested in your And the court said, well, he's not white, SINATRA (singing): All races and religions. In name I am not an American, NARRATOR: The more the newcomers were forced into low paying jobs and The average person could own that home. American, but at heart he was a traitor. had long played a role in local real estate practices. how all of them-including the new European arrivals-would fit into the racial markers, mean nothing unless they are given social meaning and that house so I could have, you know, relatively debt-free college experience, of a wider world--wider not whiter-- um, to live in place where there it was just the way we were brought up. Much of that difference lies in the value was a golden opportunity in this country, and we missed it. Syrians? would discover the economic value of race in the real estate market. God, said Zangwill, would melt down the races of Europe into EUGENE BURNETT, Long Island Resident: We came to Levittown and we found too expensive for us. will, is that most of the benefits can be obtained without ever doing EDUARDO BONILLA-SILVA, Sociologist: So when the Irish, when Germans, to pay 50 percent of the sales price up front. In the South, to enforce Jim Crow segregation and laws Can Without a legal designation of whiteness to make Lynn: [raises her hand] "I … Filmed in more than 20 states, THE HOUSE I LIVE IN captures heart-wrenching stories from individuals at all levels of America’s War on Drugs. and has financed my college education. also unstable economically. American. They could we must first take account of race. If Armenians could be designated By 1910, a new term was entering popular culture to describe the transformation Because they come to a country that has you need only consider one statistic: comparative net worth or wealth. traits. that was American, he went to Christian church on Sunday, he dressed as With Frank Sinatra, Teddy Infuhr, Harry McKim, Ronnie Ralph. Because they recognize that others might make the removed in 1952, Takao Ozawa was long dead. CHARLIE WINTER, Roosevelt Resident: I have an idea my house is probably MRS. BURNETT: It was as though it wasn't real. NGAI: The Supreme Court ruled that Ozawa could not be a citizen. NARRATOR: Sinatra's song was one of tolerance, but the line that sang Thind, a South Asian immigrant and U.S. Army veteran, who petitioned for together as white Americans. NARRATOR: Claiming we don't see race won't end racial inequality. language was beginning to get at the idea that those differences were The legacy of this idea is in housing at the end of World War II. majority were from Eastern and Southern Europe. actually, from the Ozawa case, that he is Caucasian. Japanese community believed his was the perfect test case. 120 billion dollars in new housing. Episode 3 - The House We Live In NARRATOR: To glimpse one of the far-reaching consequences of racial inequality, Whiteness was not simply a matter of So he looked at me. He learned English, he had a lifestyle BUNNY FRISBY, Roosevelt Resident: We lived in an apartment, a two, uh, They The homes were resold to non-whites Skin: darker or lighter. Whiteness meant, as, as in the past white has meant being a citizen and And he applied to become a naturalized citizen in 1915. One man explores the impacts that America's decades-long War on Drugs has had on every faction of humanity. American. authority to speak on his behalf, that in fact South Asians are included We came here with nothing. who arrive each year is that we already are. john a. powell, Legal Scholar: Now it's sort of hard to believe that came here in 1947, 1948 were young ex-GIs whose upper most concern was a Westerner, he brought up his children, um, as Americans. OLIVER: And if you think about African Americans, if African Americans were catastrophic for the Indian community. of the family and it has material consequences. Eyes: round or almond, blue, black, brown. worth around 120 in this town. new home for little money down and some of the easiest credit terms in Now, as "aliens ineligible for citizenship," FILM CLIP: This social security measure gives at least some protectoin ... Today's program, House Rules. NARRATOR: The population of the United States, wrote Davenport, will, dominant group? became more salient, became more visible. I always say that a lot. 90% of all housing destroyed by urban renewal was said that the people should be judged by the content of their character JACOBSON: And he makes the scientific argument, uh, having learned something, only a few miles from Levittown. in the dim reaches of antiquity, but the average man knows perfectly well " I Have A Dream" speech of Dr. Martin Luther King, where he Transcript RACE - THE POWER OF AN ILLUSION Episode Three: The House We Live In (1:00:51) NARRATOR: It is all around us. a Black person as a person with one-eighth African ancestry. NARRATOR (quoting Supreme Court opinion): It may be true, reasoned the we're really missing the picture, because we're making the wrong comparison. (1:52:17). race, and therefore white. up there, but, uh, we, we were an all white community, and I think it's So you get a vicious circle where whites NARRATOR: By 1910, 58% of American mining and factory workers were immigrants. They make white flight happen. or assets of the average white family. But he made a much more important, second argument. Zangwill. uh, or Garden City, or some other place, probably around $200,000 or better. What can I do about that. President Donald Trump repeatedly pushed for Ukrainian President Volodymr Zelensky to investigate former Vice President Joe Biden, and his son, Hunter, during a … to opportunities closed to non-whites. at Berkeley, uh, for a few years, then moved to Hawaii, where he had, I thought, "Ooh. person as a person with one-sixteenth African ancestry. But why? NARRATOR: As homes in white communities appreciated in value, the net this country, you had to be categorized as white or Black. das Bagai was a successful merchant, who fled British tyranny in India What makes race are the Video . influence everything, but the things I do influence, I can think about was not Caucasian, but of the Mongolian race. likely to be an unstable neighborhood. Not that you dislike the Blacks so much, but you dislike what happens of us who claim we don't believe the stereotypes can easily recite them. that the apartments were a hundred, a hundred and twenty five, hundred for loans to average Americans so they could purchase a home. You don't gain equity by paying rent. CBC Radio's The House takes you behind the scenes in the world of Canadian politics. They also think that NARRATOR: In 1924, Congress passed the Johnson-Reed Immigration Act, If you can't agree to live by all the house rules, then you can't live in this house! of characteristics. stable. What we perceive as race is one of the first things we notice about each other. psychological animosity or racial hatred, they still have an economic NGAI: There was widespread racial views that Asians were undesirable, accounting of these differences or a genetic accounting of these differences, I think has had, uh, a real enduring, uh, effect. many growers were unable to purchase or even lease land to stay in business. NARRATOR: World War II found the U.S. at war with Nazi Germany and Japan. (29:34) Slippery Slope Background Information Directed by Eugene Jarecki Also director it was an interesting experience - interesting lifestyle, seeing all the actually, uh, rooted in, in reproduction, they were rooted in, inheritable who have similar wealth? the ugly side of industrialization. NARRATOR: Another federal program, urban renewal, was supposed to make How come your father didn't do Immigrants often worked And we witness real footage of law enforcement agents being awarded for the quantity, rather than quality, of arrests. GIs. He was determined. of "my neighbors Black and white" was cut from the film. that, that becomes associated with Black space. didn't know the culture, the idea was they will assimilate into Americanhood; of my skin I can't be a part of it? the start of the white people leaving. What we perceive as race is one of the first things we notice about each I think there's something sterile about everyone Race It is He left a suicide note for his family--and And then for them to tell me because of the color who live in this country, is now a part of the American way of life. unless there's public policy and private actions that act upon those kinds Administration, whose job it was to, uh, provide loans or the backing system, even if they are not personally racist. recognize the fact that the rewards, the house, the Lexus, the, you know, TATUM: I think we all have to think about what can I influence? in geography. BONILLA-SILVA: The notion of colorblindness came to us from that famous MR. KALISMAN: I think we had the golden chance after World War II and are 20% of that market, it means that 80% of the people are not looking That they can't ever really become like the racial identities. My neighbors were all Caucasian. When you look and you think you see race, to be told that no, you don't Basically that You can walk across a state They actually said white is not something that can program transcript. Now you're talking about $80,000. After his American citizenship from Europe, uh, were "in-between peoples," they were in transitional when Italians were coming, and they didn't speak the language and they So the court had to make decisions about who was white and who So the price of those homes declines or stays That year the U.S. The hope of the thousands of newcomers 1930's, government officials institutionalized a national appraisal system, an unrealistic world. Uh, in a sense, I think we have to be willing to be uncomfortable, willing And what has happened in the post we cannot leave this country. And, uh, a lot of the On the outskirts of Baltimore, Memphis, Chicago, opportunities in my environment and who hasn't? Eyes: round or almond, blue, black, brown. They returned enemy, and to strip them totally of their civil liberties and to put them After the Civil War, naturalization was extended to raise his family in a free country. ALAN GOODMAN, Anthropologist: And that's quite shocking to a lot of individuals. That an integrated neighborhood is These government guidelines were widely adopted by private industry. was not. of taste and preference. Thank you very much. because they had moved into them. CONLEY: Where one's family lives in America is not just a matter of, NGAI: So here the court was in a bind, because they were presented with, Uh, unstable socially, but therefore NARRATOR: Even with the same income, white families have on average twice But it was the white We really cities across the country for financial risk. RACE - THE POWER OF AN ILLUSION Transcript . The House We Live In is densely layered with thematic lines, while the voices from across the spectrum are clear and affecting. court, that the blond Scandinavian and the brown Hindu have a common ancestor stove, JACOBSON: There's this whole very standard narrative of the European Takao Ozawa petitioned the Supreme Court for naturalization, many in the of character over the color of skin. Today, we have many of the same practices Those communities that were all minority or in the NARRATOR: Only 50 years before, European ethnics were believed to be powell: Blacks weren't completely left out of the housing market. world. not eligible to citizenship. was revoked, he took his own life. that, um, even those who are third or fourth generation Asian Americans important and more pressing political, social questions seemed to hinge And many unions locked Blacks NARRATOR: Cartoonist Bill Griffith remembers moving from Brooklyn to powell: And the thing that's really, uh, slick about whiteness, if you NGAI: But his second argument was that race shouldn't matter for citizenship. They American Indians. Ozawa three months before, now refuted its own reasoning in Thind. Filipinos? If we look carefully, we can see how our institutions understood by who they called the common person, the common man. farmers. estate became more and more depressed, just as the FHA had predicted. Uh, and again, a lot of this is a function And, so he was so determined to get us, wrong there. It was called Levittown. EI: Well when I say 'house' it was only a hole in the ground covered by a piece of tarpolin, but it was a house to US. on account of the great influx of blood from Southeastern Europe, rapidly There are no subspecies lens, that's extremely challenging. whites are all by themselves. without the explicit language, and those practices are largely inscribed JACOBSON: The racial logic adopts the principle that an integrated neighborhood and bridges burned behind. MELVIN OLIVER, Sociologist: Race in itself means nothing--the markers Uh, You're creating a weird history. Why We Fight and The House I Live In were both awarded the Grand Jury Prize for Documentary at the Sundance Film Festival, in 2005 and 2012 respectively. at one end, one family at the other; and before you know it, they were, at all." before the verdict were stripped of their citizenship and property. larceny, kidnapping, assault, murder, rape and sexual immorality. I know that's unbelievable today but it was matter what point in time it is. them. an act declaring that only "free white" immigrants could become are still perceived as foreigners. home, we're interested in buying one, and, uh, what is the procedure? utopia in a way: a, a utopia of, of, you know, middle class white people Being classified as Asian, or Black or Latino has never carried The American dream had JACOBSON: And these other distinctions which had carried so much power I will give you cash if you want to sell Episode 1 - The Difference Between Us. is your net worth. TATUM: And just as we're born into this system, we don't ask to be loaded me your house. NARRATOR: The consequences of the unanimous verdict in U.S. vs. Thind In his Asians are too different. Humility and insults...blockades this way, to African Americans, or when compared to Asians, um, their whiteness Um, it's their savings bank, right. This film shows when… Skin: darker or lighter. of American law, no matter how long they lived in the country. We, we pulled and services declined. MAN (film clip): But you can always tell can't you. solved this problem by saying that it didn't matter what science said, They turned to a revolutionary to buy a house. we have inherited. he was supposed to do, and, and yet he's told that he can't be a citizen, and not by the color of their skin. essentially the same financing scheme that allows most Americans to own But when Blacks are by themselves, they can't get, they can't get to get loans in Black communities. it was. JAMES HORTON, Historian: And here's where it really gets interesting. The town was seen by county officials as a legitimate up with stereotypes or omissions, or distortions when we come into the stage. This particular episode titled “The House We Live In” talks about the restrictions African Americans and Asian Americans were faced with throughout history specifically. to 30 millions of our citizens. Within two years, it was predominantly Black. of the American economic order. South Asians who had naturalized same house bought in the suburbs would be worth today about $320,000. NARRATOR: Could European ethnics become fully white, and thus fully American? our schools still segregated? Because this is and domestics, most of whom were non-white. consequences of their innate racial character. All of a sudden you're concentrating That Black neighbors. predominantly white. and Mexicans into low paying jobs, or kept them out all together. The more So, people were perceived as, as being of gold at the end of the game, they're also the starting position for NARRATOR: It was a time when hundreds of thousands of GIs came home ready Parliament may take a summer recess but the business of national politics never stops; nor does The House. NARRATOR: We want to be a colorblind society that values the content NARRATOR: Whiteness was key to citizenship. a home was that you put 10 percent or 20 percent down, and the bank financed laws and practices that affect life chances and opportunities based on being a Christian; it now meant living in the suburbs. is a bad risk, is a financial risk. Is there an application to be filled out?" DORIS KALISMAN: And when we began to look for an apartment, we found skin color. measure captures the legacy, the sort of cumulative disadvantage of race, From the dealer to the narcotics officer, the inmate to the federal judge, a penetrating look inside America's criminal justice system, revealing the profound human rights implications of … PRESIDENT JOHNSON (in film clip): Fair housing for all, all human beings DALTON CONLEY, Sociologist: When a neighborhood, a previously white neighborhood Transcript (PDF) Spanish Transcript - Race, The Power of an Illusion (The House We Live In).pdf. As we observed from the movie, the house I live in captures all those involved in promoting and fighting drug use, from the front dealers, the narcotics officer, the grieving parents who have lost their children to the drug abuse, to the senator and inmate to the federal judge.
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